Types of Tiles
Ceramic tiles are recommended as the best choice for decorating your house simply because they are :
- Hygienic & mite-free
- Available in a wide range of colours, size and finishes
- Easy to maintain and clean
- More durable and last longer
Glazed Wall Tiles
Wall tiles with a layer of clear or coloured glaze, suitable for interior used and is not expected to withstand excessive impact, temperature or trying conditions. Available in various aesthetic designs and subsizes for decoration and functionality.
Glazed Floor Tiles
Similar to glazed wall tiles, but more hardwearing to withstand higher and more constant impact, pressure and wear. Available in various designs and subsizes for aesthetic yet functional effect.
Porcelain & Glazed Porcelain Tiles
These dense, fine-grained tiles are fired in excess of 1000 celsius, resulting in strong and durable floor tiles which are suitable for bath interior and exterior use. They are available in polished variants for high-shine and glazed, for luminosity and translucency as well as matter and rough surface for slip resistance and for decorative purposes.
Characteristic of Tiles
- SLIP RESISTANCE
The parameter used for slip resistance is called the Coefficient of Friction (COF). The higher the COF, the better the slip resistance of the tiles. Unglazed tiles, mosaic tiles (with many grout joints) and rough surfaced tiles are less slippery when compared with smooth and glossy glazed tiles. Therefore, these tiles are more slip resistance and are recommended to be used in industrial, kitchen, bathroom floor and swimming pool areas.
- SURFACE ABRASION RESISTANCE
This characteristic shows the resistance of glaze to wear caused by intentional or unintentional movement of surfaces or materials in contact with the tiles. Porcelain tiles are more surface abrasion resistant and have higher durability.
- WATER ABSORPTION
Tiles with low water absorption usually have higher mechanical strength. Firing a tile at high temperatures makes it less porous and less water absorbent.
- MECHANICAL STRENGTH
Mechanical strength (MOR) is an indication of the compactness of the ceramic tile and the maximum stress it can withstand without breaking. The greater the MOR, the denser the structure of the body. Hence, the mechanical strength of the various types of ceramic tiles provide you with a good guide in selecting the right tile that will fit your purpose.
- STAIN AND CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
Tile that are stain resistant are hygienic and easily cleaned. Glazed ceramic tiles resist stains because of their glazed surface. Porcelain tiles are made stain resistant because of their compactness or low water absorption characteristics.
Ceramic tiles go through firing in a kiln and therefore a certain level of shrinkage is expected causing the dimensions of the tiles to differ slightly from one to another. The shrinkage level will vary according to the types of tiles and the production batches.
- SHADE / TONALITY
The chemical characteristics of the natural raw materials used and the firing process will produce tile with a slight variation in shade, both within a batch and between batches. This is an inherent characteristic of ceramic tiles.